THE PIONEERS BEHIND THE ARCHETYPES OF THE FEMININE & MASCULINE
C. G. Jung
The story behind the Archetypes of the Feminine & Masculine begins with Carl Gustav Jung. Born in 1875 in Basel, Switerzland, C. G. Jung was a medical doctor and psychiatrist who became a colleague, close confidant and heir apparent to Sigmund Freud. Along with Freud, he opened up research into the unconscious and his work led to the popularization of interest in dreams and archetypes. His correspondence with Bill W. contributed directly to the inclusion of the spiritual principle in A.A. and other 12 -step programs. He gave us the psychological type categories that led to the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator and coined the terms introvert and extravert. He also coined the terms synchronicity (and his writing on that topic is the main reason for its continued popularity in our culture today) and collective unconscious–giving us a term for the deeper layer of the psyche that transcends the personal. In the 1920's and 1930's, after developing his ideas on personality type, one of his closest associates, Toni Wolff, would observe the presence of another type of natural dichotomy in the psyche, which she would describe using the term 'archetype' (for a definition of archetypes see our article here). While Jung had observed the presence of archetypes as the primordial, structural forms of the psyche, Wolff's observations pointed out four specific archetypal structures through which women found identity and fulfillment.
Antonia "Toni" Wolff (1883-1953)
The Archetypes of the Feminine & Masculine traces its roots most directly to the acute psychological insight of Antonia "Toni" Wolff. In 1934, she gave a lecture to the Jungian community in Zurich that described the essential dichotomies that we carry forward in our work today. Early in her life, she had been a patient of Jung's and later became one of the most respected of the early Jungian analysts. She assisted Jung throughout his 'Confrontation with the Unconscious' period that produced the images we see today in the Red Book. She's known for her remarkable insight into the psyche and was president of the Zurich Psychological Club from 1928 to 1945. For more on Toni Wolff, see our paper here...
Tad Guzie & Noreen Monroe Guzie
Of all of the modern authors on archetype, our system draws its greatest influence from the work of Tad & Noreen Guzie. Their book About Men & Women (now out of print) contains unique and fundamental insights into the nature of the workings of archetype in our lives. Tad & Noreen worked with thousands of individuals doing, amongst other things, workshops on Personality Type and Archetype. Their work reinforced two important conclusions that Toni Wolff (and many Jungians since) first observed. First, that most people find identity and fulfillment through one or two archetypes throughout their lifetime. Rather than moving through stages (as many writers on archetype propose), Tad and Noreen saw in the lives of those they worked with that one or two archetypal stories provided them with their deepest sense of satisfaction and formed the basis of how they saw themselves. (For an article on the differences between archetypal stage theories and their work, see our article here).
Gary's familiarity with the Guzies comes through his work with Linda Leier and Rita Priestly.
“What you are in love with,
what seizes your imagination,
will affect everything.
It will decide what gets you
out of bed in the morning,
what you do with your evening,
how you spend your weekend,
what you read, who you know,
what breaks your heart—
it will decide everything.”
~ Father Pedro Arrupe
FACILITATORS OF THE ARCHETYPES OF THE FEMININE & MASCULINE
Today, the tradition developed by C. G. Jung and Toni Wolff and built upon by the Guzies and others, is being carried forward by a new generation:
Gary S. Bobroff, M.A.
Gary has a Master's degree in Jungian-oriented psychology from Pacifica Graduate Institute of Santa Barbara, CA. He is a certified administrator of the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator and has been working with Personality Type and Archetype since 1994. Gary is the primary developer and co-lead facilitator of the Archetypes of the Feminine & Masculine workshop. He has an undergraduate degree in Philosophy and has completed post-graduate coursework at the California Institute of Integral Studies. He is the author of Jung, Crop Circles & the Re-Emergence of the Archetypal Feminine and is a Jungian-oriented therapist in private practice with clients worldwide. His website is www.gsbobroff.com
KD Farris, Ph.d.
KD is an author, speaker and workshop leader. Her roots as a therapist, healer and bodyworker have seeded over the last twenty-five years, bringing substance and depth to her one-on-one work. She specializes in process-oriented consciousness work - a means by which to enter safely and deeply into the inner landscape of the psyche for positive and real world change. She has a Master's degree in Jungian-oriented psychology from Pacifica Graduate Institute of Santa Barbara, CA, and recently completed her doctoral dissertation there. KD is a contributing developer and co-lead facilitator of the Archetypes of the Feminine & Masculine workshop. A trained actor and charismatic speaker, KD makes seemingly complex principles of life accessible and poignant for both men and woman alike. She is the author of MESHE, HESHE, MISON & ORBIT: What My Grandmother Taught Me About the Universe. Her website is www.kdfarris.com. An outstanding therapist she works with clients worldwide and face-to-face in Santa Barbara and Los Angeles.
"For those who participate in them, symbols and myths carry their own healing power." Rollo May